安装WSL(Windows Linux)

安装WSL(Windows Linux)

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开始安装

在自带的MicrosoftStore搜索Linux,选择自己想要的系统,
store.png
这里我选的Ubuntu,直接搜Ubuntu也可,安装完成后启动,如果有如下提示
install.png
当然也可能报错,无法启动。那就可能是没开启WindowsLinux子系统支持,打开程序和功能->启用或关闭Windows功能,找到适用于Linux的Windows子系统,勾选确定等待配置,重启,即可打开

切换root用户
root.png

一些要点

WSL是Windows的一个子服务,终端中无法重启Windows的服务,如果使用reboot命令,会报一个

System has not been booted with systemd as init system (PID 1). Can't operate.

的错误,如果有重启的需要可以以管理员身份运行PowerShell,输入

Get-Service LxssManager | Restart-Service

LxssManager就是Linux服务,重启它即可

换源操作

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak
sudo chmod 777 /etc/apt/source.list
vi /etc/apt/source.list

删除原来的,换为阿里源

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

安装图形化界面

apt-get install vnc4server
vnc4server

除此启动需要设置密码
编辑配置文件

vi /root/.vnc/xstartup

修改如下

#!/bin/sh
export XKL_XMODMAP_DISABLE=1  
unset SESSION_MANAGER  
unset DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS  
gnome-panel &  
gnome-settings-daemon &  
metacity &  
nautilus &  
gnome-terminal &
#这是gnome的配置

安装图形化界面gnome(这个很简洁),追求美观可以去找别的,界面如下
gui.png